The following species are suggested for areas of at least 4000’ in elevation or more in Southern Arizona. They are native to the southwest US and Mexico, and the list emphasizes Arizona native plants. Please pay attention to the hardiness of each species. Some of these plants may not be suitable for the highest elevations of this region. Also, this isn’t to suggest that these species cannot be grown in the low desert—many of the plants on this list are growing in places like the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum, which is located at about 2800’ in elevation. But such plants require lots of care and knowledge to be grown at the lower elevations. The dividing point is the hardiness. Plants in this list are hardy to at least 10°F.

A few of these species are found as large shrubs, and may take some time to form a tree. The cultivation information is delivered with the upper elevations in mind—lower elevations are hotter and more dry—adjust cultivation methods to accommodate plant’s needs.

Our list is inclusive (and we are always open to your suggestions for additions). Not all these plants are readily available in the trade. Some are hard to grow in containers, or perhaps the plants are difficult to germinate. We do our best to try to make as many of these available as we can.


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abies biflora
Rocky Mountain Alpine Fir

Large pyramidal conifer, to almost 100’ tall
Full to part sun, moderate water, to about -28°F
This is an important wildlife habitat plant, especially for birds. Supports a multitude of insects. Indirectly supports Thicket Hairstreak as a host for Dwarf Pine Mistletoe, its foodplant. 
Taxonomic confusion exists with regard to southern populations of Abies bifolia. Southern populations (our region) have unique characteristics. Sometimes listed as A. lasiocarpa var. arizonica). Abies bifolia is distinguished from A. concolor by the corky bark on mature trees, shorter needles on the lower branches, and dark purple female (seed) cones.


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abies concolor
white fir

Large conifer to about 130’ tall
Full to part sun, moderate water, to about -35°F
This is an important wildlife habitat plant, especially for birds. Supports a multitude of insects. Indirectly supports Thicket Hairstreak as a host for Dwarf Pine Mistletoe, its foodplant. Larval host for the Pine butterfly, (Neophasia menapia).


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ABies lasiocarpa
subalpine fir

Large, pyramidal conifers to about 65’ tall
Full to part sun, moderate water, to about -20°F
Larval host for the Pine butterfly, (Neophasia menapia)
This is an important wildlife habitat plant, especially for birds. Supports a multitude of insects. Indirectly supports Thicket Hairstreak as a host for Dwarf Pine Mistletoe, its foodplant. Larval host for the Pine butterfly, (Neophasia menapia).


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Acer Glabrum
Rocky Mountain Maple

Deciduous, multi-stemmed, upright tree to about 30’ tall
Full to part sun, regular water, to about -35°F
Spectacular fall color, helicopter pods on females (plants are dioecious, separate sexes on trees). Nectar producing flowers for insects. Habitat for birds.


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acer grandidentatum
bigtooth maple

Deciduous, multi-stemmed, upright tree to about 40’ tall but most often found 20 feet tall.
Full to part sun, regular water, to about -20°F
Spectacular fall color, helicopter pods on females (plants are dioecious, separate sexes on trees). Nectar producing flowers for insects. Habitat for birds.

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acer negundo
Ash-Leaf Maple

Short-trunked, deciduous tree 35-50’ tall with wide canopy; irregular growth, sprouting base, and compound leaves
Full to part sun, regular water, to about -35°F
Spectacular fall color, helicopter pods on females (plants are dioecious, separate sexes on trees). Nectar producing flowers for insects. Habitat for birds. Larval host plant for Cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia).


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Acer saccharinum
silver maple

Large, deciduous tree 75-100’ tall
Full to part sun, regular water, to about -35°F
Spectacular fall color, helicopter pods on females (plants are dioecious, separate sexes on trees). Nectar producing flowers for insects. Habitat for birds. Larval host plant for Cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia).


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arbutus arizonica
arizona madrone

Evergreen tree to 45’ tall
Full to part sun, moderate to low water, -20°F
Fruits are important to birds and mammals, provides nesting space for birds. Larval host for Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus).


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alnus oblongifolia
arizona alder

Upright, deciduous tree with rounded crown, 76- 100’ tall
Full to part sun, regular water, -20°F
Plants provide habitat for birds and nectar for insects.


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bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho Orchid Tree

Small, deciduous (semi-deciduous in warm areas) single or multi-trunked tree to about 12’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 10°F
Pretty white flowers that are nectar rich attracting nectar-feeding insects and hummingbirds.


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betula occidentalis
water birch

Deciduous, multi-trunked tree (or large shrub), 20-10’ tall
Full sun to shade, regular water, -50°F
Habitat for birds, larval host to several insects and moths several swallows, mourning cloak and others.


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canotia holacantha
crucifixion thorn

Irregular tree (or large shrub), 10-15’ tall
Full sun, low water, 10°F
Habitat for birds, bumblebee pollinated


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celtis reticulata
canyon hackberry

Large, deciduous tree 40-50’ tall
Full to part sun, regular to moderate water, -20°F
Unusual warty trunk with age, incredible habitat tree for birds, fruit for birds and other animals, nectar rich flower for many insects, larval host plant for several species of butterflies including the American snout, empress leila, and many more.


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CERCIS CANADENSIS VAR. MEXICANA
mexican redbud

Small, deciduous tree 15-25’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 0°F
Bumblebee pollinated (nectar-rich flowers), larval host for Henry’s elfin butterfly (Callophrys henrici), birds enjoy the seeds.


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CERCIS CANADENSIS VAR. TEXANA
texas redbud

Small, deciduous tree 15-25’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 0°F
Bumblebee pollinated (nectar-rich flowers), larval host for Henry’s elfin butterfly (Callophrys henrici), birds enjoy the seeds.


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cercis occidentalis
western redbud

Small, deciduous tree 15-25’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -20°F
Bumblebee pollinated (nectar-rich flowers), birds enjoy the seeds.


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cercocarpus species
mahogany

Evergreen, large shrubs or small trees 10-25’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -30°F
Often found as shrubs in nature because of deer browsing. Larval host plants for many butterfly species including the western sheepmoth (Hemileuca eglanterina) and the mountain mountain mahogany hairstreak (Satyrium tetra).


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chilopsis linearis
desert willow

Deciduous, large shrub or small tree 20-25’
Full sun, moderate to low water, -10°F
Loved by nectar-loving insects and birds for the flowers, granivorous birds for the seeds, provides important nesting material for several bee species, larval host for several geometrid and sphinx moths. Several cultivars usually selected for flower color. Lovely smell that some people cannot detect.


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Chitalpa tashkentensis
Chitalpa

Deciduous, large shrub or small tree 20-30’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 0°F
Loved by nectar-loving insects and birds for the flowers.


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cupressus arizonica
arizona cypress

Coniferous, evergreen tree 30-40’
Full sun, moderate to low water, -10°F
Important nesting site for birds, attracts all sorts of insects which attract insectivorous birds.


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dermatophyllum secundiflorum
texas mountain lauel

Small evergreen tree (or large shrub) to 15’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 10°F
Nectar rich flowers (they smell like grape bubblegum) that attract nectar-loving insects. Larval host for genista broom moth (Uresiphita reversalis).


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ebanopsis ebano
Texas ebony

Small, mostly evergreen tree (deciduous in cold part of its range), 15-40’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 10°F
Larval host for coyote cloudwing butterfly (Achalarus toxeus) and the sphinx moth Sphingicampa blanchardi. Dense foliage provides great nesting for birds.


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EHRETIA ANACUA
sandpaper tree

Small evergreen tree 25-40’, may sucker or have multiple trunks
Full to part sun, moderate water, 10°F
Larval host for Anacua Tortoise Beetle (Coptocycla texana), nectar rich flowers for insects, edible fruits for birds, mammals, people.


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forestiera neomexicana
desert olive

Small, deciduous tree (or large shrub) 15-20’
Full to part sun, moderate to low water, -20º F
Flowers attract nectar-loving insects, fruits attract birds (trees are dioecious so you need male and female), and the plant is larval host for incense cedar sphinx (Sphinx libocedrus) and other moths and butterflies.

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forestiera shrevei
arizona olive

Small, deciduous tree to 15’
Full sun, moderate water, 10º F
Flowers attract nectar-loving insects, fruits attract birds (trees are dioecious so you need male and female), and the plant is probably a larval host plant but has not been documented.


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fraxinus anomala
single-leaf ash

Small, deciduous tree (or large shrub) 6-20’
Full sun, moderate water, −25 °F
This plant is a larval host plant of the two-tailed swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata multicaudata). Nectar-rich flowers for bees and butterflies.


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Fraxinus cuspidata
Fragrant Ash

Small, deciduous tree (or large shrub) 10-20’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 5°F
Wonderfully fragrant, nectar-rich flowers for butterflies and bees, larval host for several swallowtail species, seeds used by birds, decent nesting tree.


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fraxinus greggii
little-leaf ash

Small, semi-evergreen tree or large shrub (evergreen in warm locations), 10-20’
Full to part sun, moderate water, °F
Nectar rich flowers for butterflies and bees, seeds for granivorous birds, habitat for birds.


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fraxinus gooddingii
fresnillo

Small, semi-evergreen tree (or large shrub) 10-20’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 10°F
Larval host for the incense cedar sphinx (Sphinx libocedrus), nectar-rich flowers for butterflies and bees, seeds for granivorous birds.


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fraxinus velutina
velvet ash

Medium, deciduous tree, 25-40’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -10°F
Nectar-rich flowers for butterflies and bees, seeds for granivorous birds, larval food plant for the two-tailed swallowtail butterfly (Papilio multicaudata).


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Juglans major
arizona walnut

Deciduous tree, 40-60’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -10°F
Attracts birds and mammals, edible nuts, good nesting tree.


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juniperus deppeana
aligator juniper

Coniferous, evergreen, 30-50’ or more
Full sun, low water, 0°F
Attracts birds & mammals, great nesting tree. Larval food plant for the juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus) and the Doll’s sphinx (Sphinx dollii).


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juniperus monosperma
one-seed juniper

Evergreen conifer tree (or large shrub), 10-20’
Full sun, low water, -30°F
Habitat and food (fruits) for birds and mammals, larval food plant for the juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus).


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juniperus osteosperma
utah juniper

Evergreen conifer, 20-40’
Full sun, low water, -25°F
Good habitat and food plant for birds and mammals. Larval food plant for juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus) and Nelson’s hairstreak (Callophrys nelsoni).


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juniperus scopulorum
rocky mountain juniper

Coniferous, evergreen tree (or large shrub) 30-40’
Full sun, low water, -35°F
Habitat and food plant for birds and mammals, larval host for juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus).


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koeberlinia spinosa
allthorn

Green spiny tree (or large shrub) usually 6-15’ but sometimes to 30’
Full sun, low water, 0°F
Protected habitat and fruits for birds and mammals.


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leucaena retusa
goldenball leadtree

Small, deciduous tree, usually 12-15’, up to 20’
Full sun, moderate water, 0°F
Nectar rich flowers especially attractive to butterflies and bees.


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morus microphylla
texas mulberry

Deciduous tree (or large shrub) 15-20’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -15°F
Nectar-rich flowers attract butterflies and bees, fruits attract birds and mammals (and humans).


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parkinsonia florida
blue palo verde

Medium, deciduous tree to 30’
Full sun, low water, 10°F
Flowers provide nectar for bees, butterflies, important nesting plant for birds, seeds attractive to granivorous birds, several moth and beetle species depend on this species as adults and larvae, the mistletoe important to phainopepla birds. Larval host for the great purple hairstreak (Atlides halesus).


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picea engelmannii
Engelmann spruce

Evergreen conifers to about 100’ or more
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -45°F
Seeds eaten by granivorous birds and mammals. Trees provide cover/habitat for birds and mammals. Many insects related to the species which attract insectivorous birds.


PINES (Pinus species)

In general pine species provide seeds and habitat for birds and mammals. Many are larval host for lepidoptera like the Chiricahua White butterfly (Neophasia terlootii), the Pandora pinemoth (Coloradia pandora), and the Pine White butterfly (Neophasia menapia).

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pinus arizonica
arizona pine

Evergreen conifers, 60-150’ (some trees reaching well over 200’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 0°F


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Pinus cembroides
border PIÑON

Coniferous, evergreen trees, 20-30’
Full to part sun, moderate water, 0°F


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pinus edulis
PIÑON pine

Evergreen conifer, 10-30’
Full sun, low water, -20°F


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pinus engelmannii
apache pine

Coniferous, evergreen trees, well over 100’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, 10°F


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Pinus leiophylla var. chihuahuana
chihuahua pine

Evergreen conifers to about 80’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -20 F°


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Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum
Ponderosa Pine

Evergreen conifers to about 80’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -35 F°


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Pinus strobiformis
southwestern white pine

Evergreen conifers to about 100’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -25 °F
Trees provide seeds and habitat for birds and mammals. Larval host for Chiricahua White (Neophasia terlootii), the Pandora pinemoth (Coloradia pandora), and the Pine White (Neophasia menapia).


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platanus mexicana
mexican sycamore

Large deciduous tree, 60’
Full to part sun, regular water, 0°F
Seeds and nesting habitat for many species of birds. Brilliant fall color (some years better than others depending on timing of cold and rain). Magnificent mottled trunks.


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platans wrightii
arizona sycamore

Large deciduous tree, 60’
Full to part sun, regular water, -10°F
Seeds and nesting habitat for many species of birds. Brilliant fall color (some years better than others depending on timing of cold and rain). Magnificent mottled trunks.


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populus angustifolia
narrow-leaf cottonwood

Deciduous tree (or large shrub) to 65’
Full sun to shade, regular water, -35°F
Larval host to the Weidemeyer's admiral (Limenitis weidemeyeri latifascia), the Lorquin’s admiral (Limenitis lorquini burrisonii), the western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus), mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) and many other species of insect. Habitat for nesting birds. Seeds feed granivorous birds and mammals.


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populus fremontii
cottonwood

Large, deciduous tree to 60’ or more
Full sun, regular water, -30°F
Larval host to the Weidemeyer's admiral (Limenitis weidemeyeri latifascia), the Lorquin’s admiral (Limenitis lorquini burrisonii), the western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus), mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) and many other species of insect. Habitat for nesting birds. Seeds feed granivorous birds and mammals. Gorgeous fall color and makes beautiful sound as wind passes through canopy.

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Populus tremuloides
quaking aspen

Large, deciduous trees, 30-50’
Full sun to shade, regular water, -50°F
Larval host to the Weidemeyer's admiral (Limenitis weidemeyeri latifascia), the Lorquin’s admiral (Limenitis lorquini burrisonii), the western tiger swallowtail (Papilio rutulus), mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) and many other species of insect. Habitat for nesting birds. Seeds feed granivorous birds and mammals. Gorgeous fall color and makes beautiful sound as wind passes through canopy.


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prosopis glandulosa
honey mesquite

Large, deciduous tree to 30’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 0°F
Larval host for the Reakirt's blue butterfly (Hemiargus isola), Heiligbrodt’s sphinx moth (Sphingicampa heiligbrodti), and the Long-tailed Skipper butterfly (Urbanus proteus). Important nectar plant for numerous insects, attracting insectivorous birds, pods & seeds edible to people, birds & mammals, nesting habitat for birds.

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prosopis pubescens
screwbean mesquite

Large, deciduous tree to 30’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 0°F
Larval host for the Reakirt's blue butterfly (Hemiargus isola), Marine Blue (Leptotes marina) , and the Palmer's Metalmark (Apodemia palmeri). Important nectar plant for numerous insects, attracting insectivorous birds, pods & seeds edible to people, birds & mammals, nesting habitat for birds.

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prosopis velutina
velvet mesquite

Large, deciduous tree to 50’
Full sun, moderate to low water, 10°F
Larval host for the Reakirt's blue butterfly (Hemiargus isola), Marine Blue (Leptotes marina), the Palmer's Metalmark (Apodemia palmeri), ceraunus blue butterfly, (Hemiargus ceraunus), and the leda minisreak (Ministrymon leda). Important nectar plant for numerous insects, attracting insectivorous birds, pods & seeds edible to people, birds & mammals, nesting habitat for birds. Leaves also edible to many insects which attracts the bell’s vireo, Lucy’s warbler, and the verdin. Host to mistletoe which is important food for phainopepla and a larval food for the great purple hairstreak (Atlides halesus). Probably the best wildlife species you can plant.


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Prunus species
choke cherries

Deciduous tree to 80’ or more
Full sun to shade, regular water, -35°F
Fruit enjoyed by various mammals, birds. Nesting site for many birds. Larval host to numerous insects including the Viceroy
(Limenitis archippus), the Small-eyed sphinx (Paonias myops), the Wild cherry sphinx (Sphinx drupiferarum), and the Columbia silkmoth (Hyalophora columbia). This tree has an important relationship with native bees of all sorts, not only for nectar but by attracting insects that predate on their pests. Insectivorous birds also love this tree.


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Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca
Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir

Coniferous evergreen, 130-150’
Full to part sun, moderate water, hardiness varies by populations: -20 to -30°F
Many species of birds depend on the seeds of this species. This is a great nesting habitat for many birds. Attracts a host of insects and insectivorous birds.


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robinia neomexicana
New Mexico Locust

Deciduous tree (sometimes large shrub) 10-20’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -25°F
This is a great wildlife tree: flowers buzzing with all sorts of nectar loving insects and birds. Larval host plant for the Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus) and the Funereal Duskywing (Erynnis funeralis). Seeds are poisonous.


Quercus (Oak species)

Oaks are wildlife keystone species hosting a mind-boggling number of insects. This brings in a vast array of substrate-insectivorous birds (birds that spend their time on these trees eating the insects). The acorns are important food for many birds and mammals (and some species eaten by people). The trees also provide important habitat for many birds and mammals. Almost all the oaks host a multitude of moths and butterflies including the Arizona sister (Adelpha eulalia), the dull firetip (Apyrrothrix araxes), the Short-tailed Skipper (Zestusa dorus), the sleepy duskywing (Erynnis brizo), the Meridian Duskywing (Erynnis meridianus), the Juvenal’s duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis), the llavia Hairstreak (Satyrium ilavia), the Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), the Colorado Hairstreak (Hypaurotis crysalus), the Golden Hairstreak (Habrodais grunus), and more.
Most of our local species are evergreen but a few are deciduous. Oaks are some of the best trees and shrubs you can plant to encourage and support wildlife. A few species even do well in the low desert.

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quercus arizonica
arizona white oak

Evergreen (will lose leaves in extreme cold) trees, up to about 50’
Full sun, moderate water, 5°F


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Quercus chrysolepis
canyon live oak

Evergreen trees (or large shrubs) to 30’ or more
Full sun, moderate water, 0°F


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quercus emoryi
bellota

Evergree trees 30-60’
Full to part sun, moderate water, -10º F

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quercus gambelii
gambel oak

Deciduous tree, 40-50’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -30°F
Nice fall color.


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quercus grisea
grey oak

Evergreen trees, 30’
Full sun, moderate water, 0°F


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quercus hypoleucoides
silver-leaf oak

Evergreen trees, 30’
Full sun, moderate water, 0°F


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Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak

Deciduous tree, usually 40-50’ but can get to 90’
Full sun, moderate water, −2o °F
Nice fall color.

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Quercus oblongifolia
Mexican blue oak

Evergreen tree, about 30’
Full sun, low to moderate water, 0 °F


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quercus palmeri
Dunn's Oak

Evergreen to semi-evergreen tree (sometimes a shrub), will sometimes form thickets. Usually 10’ tall but can be found up to 20’
Full sun, low to moderate water, 0 °F


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Quercus pungens
sandpaper oak

Evergreen to semi-evergreen (leaves turn yellow in some locations), tree (often a shrub) to about 10’
Full sun, low to moderate water, 5°F


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Quercus rugosa
netleaf oak

Mostly evergreen to deciduous (in cold places) tree, to 30’
Full sun, moderate water, 5°F


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Quercus toumeyi
toumey oak

Evergreen to semi-evergreen (in cold spots) tree (or most often a shrub), to about 10’
Full sun, moderate water, 0°F
Grows well in low desert too.


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Quercus turbinella
scrub oak

Evergreen (semi-evergreen in cold places) tree or large shrub, 10-15’
Full sun, low to moderate water, -10°F
Grows well in low desert too.


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Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Black Willow

Deciduous tree, 20-30’, can get up to 60’
Full to part sun, regular water, 0º F
Larval host to the mourning cloak butterfly (Nymphalis antiopa) and Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) and a vast array of other insects, attracting substrate-insectivorous birds. Nesting tree for riparian birds. Important to native bees and other nectar insects for nectar-rich flowers.


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Salix laevigata
Polished willow

Deciduous trees (or large shrubs) to 50’
Full sun to shade, regular water, -20º F
Larval host to the mourning cloak butterfly (Nymphalis antiopa) and Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) and a vast array of other insects, attracting substrate-insectivorous birds. Nesting tree for riparian birds. Important to native bees and other nectar insects for nectar-rich flowers.


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Salix scouleriana
scouler’s willow

Deciduous tree or large shrub to 30’
Full sun to shade, regular water, -20º F
Larval host to the mourning cloak butterfly (Nymphalis antiopa) and Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) and a vast array of other insects, attracting substrate-insectivorous birds. Nesting tree for riparian birds. Important to native bees and other nectar insects for nectar-rich flowers.

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sambucus species
elderberry

Deciduous trees or large shrubs, usually 12-15’. Some species can get much taller, to 30’
Full sun to shade, regular to moderate water, most species can stand at least -20º F
The species on elderberries are confusing, but they are all similar in growth habits and needs. Plants attract all kinds of insects with their flowers, fruits, and as a larval host species, thus they also attract substrate-insectivorous birds. Birds also use the fruits for food, and the canopy for nesting.


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sapindus saponaria
soapberry

Deciduous multi-trunked trees (sometimes forming thickets) usually about 10-20’, sometimes reaching 50’
Full sun, moderate water, species is variable in hardiness (depending on where seed is from). Ours dependably hard to at least 0º F
Larval food plant for the Soapberry Hairstreak (Phaeostrymon alcestis). Some birds eat the fruit though they contain poisonous saponins which have been employed as a soap by humans. Great habitat plant for birds, especially when they form thickets.


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Senegalia greggii
catclaw acacia

Small, deciduous tree or large shrub to 15’ or more
Full to part sun, low to moderate water, 0º F
Larval host for butterflies like the Mexican yellow (Eurema mexicana), the mimosa yellow (Pyrisitia nise), Reakirt’s blue (Hemiargus isola), and the marine blue (Leptotes marina) as well as a host of many other insects and moths. Attracts substrate-insectivorous birds. Some species consume seeds as well. Flowers attract all sorts of nectar-eating insects. Nice habitat for birds (the dense, thorny branches protect animals hiding within).


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Senegalia wrightii
wright’s catclaw

Deciduous shrub or small tree to 10’ or higher
Full sun, low to moderate water, hardy to 0º F or more
Very similar to catclaw acacia (Senegalia greggii), this is the species native to the Chihuahuan desert from Arizona west to Texas and south into Mexico. Larval host for butterflies like the Mexican yellow (Eurema mexicana), the mimosa yellow (Pyrisitia nise), Reakirt’s blue (Hemiargus isola), and the marine blue (Leptotes marina) as well as a host of many other insects and moths. Attracts substrate-insectivorous birds. Some species consume seeds as well. Flowers attract all sorts of nectar-eating insects. Nice habitat for birds (the dense, thorny branches protect animals hiding within).

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Sideroxylon lanuginosum
gum bully

Semi-evergreen trees (sometimes shrubs) up to 50’
Full sun to shade, moderate water, -15º F
Fruit eaten by birds and other mammals, nectar rich flowers for insects, safe nesting habitat for birds, larval host to many insects.


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Ungnadia speciosa
mexican buckeye

Deciduous tree or large shrub to 15’ or more
Full to part sun, moderate to regular water, 0º F
Larval host to the Henry’s elfin butterfly (Callophrys henrici). Has nectar-rich flowers for insects and birds. Seeds are consumed by mammals and birds.


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Vachellia constricta
white thorn acacia

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Vachellia schottii
schott’s acacia

Vachellia schottii

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Vachellia vernicosa
viscid acacia

Vachellia vernicosa